Amavasya


Amavasya means No Moon or New Moon, the final day of Krishna paksha-lunar waning phase. This day marks conducive energy for ancestral ritual offerings and to progress in spiritual journey. Life processes are well understood and better assimilated on this day. While pournami is sacred for wellbeing, Amavasya is for liberation.

Amavasya 2022

Fri , 23rd Dec 2022

Legend behind Amavasya

There are many legends in puranas about Amavasya. One famous legend is from Matsya Purana. The Pitru Devatas of Maharshi Mariccha Vamsa - Vyrajas, Agnishwatthas, Barhishadas, Sukalas, Suswadhas Angirasas, and Somapas were residing by the Somapatha loka. They were actively performing Yagnas and were called ‘Agnisvathas’. These pitru Devatas had a manasik daughter (daughter born from Chitha-mind) by the name ‘Aaccheda’/Achhoda who was a pious person and had said to have performed years of penance. She was fascinated by ‘Amaavasu’, one of the pitru ganaas, and Aachheda Kanya fell in love with him. Because of this sudden aberration of her thoughts and mind, she was eliminated from the Celestial realm and fell into Bhuloka. Since then, the day that Aachheda fell off to Earth was known as ‘Amavasya’. She performed an intense penance towards Pitru Devatas after reaching the Earth, pleased with her devotion, Devatas blessed her a boon that Amavasya will be their favorite celebration for Pitrus; and they would bless ancestors of any family that is offering sincere rituals- Tarpanam.

In addition, she was also offered a Divine Sankalpa that She would give birth to Maharishi Vedvyasa. As per the boon, Achhoda was born in the 28th Dwapara Yuga in the womb of a celestial fish and named as Satyavati. She gave birth to Maharishi Vedvyasa through divine Sage Parasara. She, later married King Shantanu from the epic Mahabharatha

According to another famous legend, when King Karna died in the battlefield and moved to swargaloka-Heaven, he was given gold and other precious metals to consume as food. Perplexed Karna met Lord Indra to understand the reason. He replied that though King Karna was the most generous king that ever lived, he had only donated gold and other material comforts to people. He never offered Pinda dhaan-food to his ancestors. Karna explained that he has no knowledge about who his ancestors were, and that stopped him from performing the rituals for his ancestors. On hearing this, Lord Indra permitted King Karna to visit the Earth on Amavasya days and 15 days of Pitru Paksha period to offer Pinda dhaan and perform Tarpanam to his ancestors. 

Significance

Amavasya is the darkest day of the lunar month. Planet Moon will not be visible on this day and starts growing into a full moon from absolute absence, thus this day is called No Moon or New Moon day. Astronomically, on this day both plants Sun and Moon conjoin or meet at same point making moon invisible from Earth. It is a powerful window to connect with ancestors of both maternal and paternal sides. Ancestors in this Vedic context usually denote 7 generations prior to you. Divine energy available on this day is capable of smashing blocks and hindrances in the channel connecting us with our ancestors. Each of our cell carry DNA material that has scattered across 7 generations, which denotes that every physical attribute, soul memory, every energy world experience has an ancestor influence. Understanding this, our Vedic seers have designed Tarpanam and Pitru paksha techniques to clear obstacles that stops our progress. It is believed that when the ancestors are liberated, their karma will also be dissolved, freeing us from the past karmic load inherited through them. This could be the onset of new phase, also enables good karma through them to plunge into action.

The presiding deities of Amavasya are the Pitru Devathas. Lord Shiva, Goddess Kali, Lord Narasimhamurthy, Lord Hanuman and Planet Saturn are also powerful on this tithi and tantric remedies are performed for them. 12 Amavasyas (sometimes 13) of a lunar year comes with varying powerful energies aimed at dissolving different blocks that we encounter in life

Types of Amavasya

Mauni Amavasya of Vedic Magha month (January-February) and Mahalaya Amavasya in Vedic Ashwayujha (September-October) are highly auspicious. 

Margashirsha or Agahan Amavasya: This Amavasya is observed in the month of Margashirsha. Lord Krishna is worshipped on this Amavasya. This tithi is said to remove all the stubborn doshas in the horoscope. Any Pooja or noble charity offered ensures the blessings of Lord Vishnu.

Pausha or Krishna Amavasya: Amavasya of Pausha masa is called Pausha Amavasya. It is of least auspiciousness. People prefer only Tarpanam and other ancestor rituals. Offering clothes on this day eliminates bad effects from Navagrahas.

Mauni Amavasya: Amavasya tithi of Magha month is called Mouna or Mauni Amavasya meaning silent/ quiet. It is one of the powerful amavasyas. People take holy dip at Kumbh mela or Kashi on this day and be on “Silent Vrat” or at least “work related silence”. This day holds great spiritual relevance for spiritual students. Its an ideal day to connect to the inner self or higher soul.

Phalguna Amavasya: this is the Amavasya tithi of Phalguna month. Vishnu Pooja and noble charity bring multiple blessings

Chaitra Amavasya: this is the first Amavasya of the Vedic lunar calendar. This day brings blessings from Lord Vishnu and Planet Moon; it is believed to remove sins. This amavasya is highly revered in the Garuda Purana. This Amavasya has power to remove pitru dosha

Vaishakh Amavasya: Amavasya of Vaishakh month, also celebrated as Shani Jayanti. It is an added advantage if it falls on a Saturday. Worship of Planet Saturn is of great importance in this Amavasya.

Jyeshta Amavasya: Amavasya of Jyeshta month; it is considered auspicious for tantric remedies for voodoo, Rahu-Ketu doshas. Some people observe Savitri Vrat on this Amavasya.

Ashadha Amavasya: comes in Ashadha month. This Amavasya relieves from all types of Pitru Dosha or Graha Dosha. Aadi masa is of great importance in south India.

Shravana Amavasya: Also called Hariyali Amavasya. This Amavasya presents great opportunity to connect with Lord Shiva. This is said to bless the devotees with fortune and prosperity. It has influence on monsoon season and thus on good harvest.

Bhadrapada Amavasya: performing rituals or pooja in the Bhadrapada Amavasya removes past life sins. This presents peace to our ancestors’ souls. It is also celebrated as Pithori Amavasya. People in a few parts of India, also pray to sixty-four goddesses for the wellfare and longevity of their children.

Mahalaya or Ashwina Amavasya: 15 days of pitru paksha culminates into this Mahalaya Amavasya. It is believed that ancestors visit their living descendants during this Amavasya and Tarpanam, all pitru paksha rituals performed reap sure benefits.

Karthika Amavasya: This day is celebrated as Diwali or Deepavali. Goddess Lakshmi was manifested on this Amavasya by Lord Vishnu. 

Amavasya based on Varas

Somvati Amavasya:

When Amavasya tithi falls on Somavara or Monday, it is called Somavati Amavasya. This Amavasya is lauded in Mahabharatha and Bhagavad Purana. Since Amavasya deals with Moon and Monday being the day ruled by Moon, it brings additional power to this day. Somvati Amavasya Vrat blesses noble and intellectual children.

Shubhwari Amavasya:

Amavasya occurring on Guruvaar or Thursday is called Shubhawari Amavasya. This brings mental and material wealth.

Shani Amavasya:

Amavasya tithi that falls on Saturday is called Shani Amavasya. Since Planet Saturn is the Lord of Justice and Karma, this day brings more importance to Amavasya processes. The energy of this day naturally helps us break stubborn past life karma of our ancestors.

Rituals

Devotees begin the day with a holy dip in a sacred river or at home with few sesame seeds dropped in the bathing water makes it holy. Worship altar is cleaned and organised for pooja. People visit the water bodies of the temple or lakes for performing Tarpanam. People prefer Rameshwaram or other powerful Lord Shiva temples for the rituals. Freshly prepared food is offered in the form of Pind Daan (rice balls with sesame seeds). People fast the whole day or break their fast after sunset with a simple sattvic meal.

Avoid consuming non-vegetarian food and use of onion or garlic in cooking. Some people observe a whole day or partial fasting for their ancestors and break their fast by the end of the day. Feeding crows on Amavasya is considered auspicious, as it is believed that the ancestors descend to the earth plane in the form of crows to accept our offerings. People also make charities to the poor and needy

Do's and Don'ts

Do's

  • We can water the Peepal tree and recite the mantra, “Om Namo Bhagvate Vasudevaaya.”
  • We can feed crows as it is believed that our ancestors descend to the earth plane as crows to accept our offerings. 
  • We can circumambulate the Peepal tree 108 times. This also gives good fresh prana.
  • Giving green leafy vegetables to cows gives a lot of benefits.
  • Silence should be followed as much as we can.
  • Donate food and clothes to the poor and needy.
  • Planting tulsi plants or watering tulsi plants in temple premises is considered auspicious.

Don'ts

  • Avoid consuming onion, garlic, and other negative prana foods.
  • Do not yield to your temptations and emotional urges today.

Benefits

  • This vrat, pooja and tarpanam appease the ancestors. It makes us receptive to their best blessings.
  • Removes all the blocks from the progress.
  • Grants health, fortune and abundance.

All Amavasya dates in 2022 and Amavasya Tithi Timing

DATE

Amavasya Tithi Timing 

January 2nd
Sunday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Jan 02, 3:42 AM - Jan 03, 12:03 AM

February 1st
Tuesday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Jan 31, 2:18 PM - Feb 01, 11:15 AM

March 2nd
Wednesday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Mar 02, 1:00 AM - Mar 02, 11:04 PM

April 1st
Friday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Mar 31, 12:22 PM - Apr 01, 11:54 AM

April 30th
Saturday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Apr 30, 12:58 AM - May 01, 1:58 AM

May 30th
Monday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : May 29, 2:55 PM - May 30, 5:00 PM

June 29th
Wednesday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Jun 28, 5:52 AM - Jun 29, 8:22 AM

July 28th
Thursday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Jul 27, 9:12 PM - Jul 28, 11:25 PM

August 27th
Saturday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Aug 26, 12:24 PM - Aug 27, 1:47 PM

September 25th
Sunday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Sep 25, 3:12 AM - Sep 26, 3:24 AM

October 25th
Tuesday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Oct 24, 5:27 PM - Oct 25, 4:18 PM

November 23rd
Wednesday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Nov 23, 6:53 AM - Nov 24, 4:27 AM

December 23rd
Friday

Amavasya Tithi Timing : Dec 22, 7:13 PM - Dec 23, 3:46 PM