Bathukamma


Bathukamma festival is a folklore floral celebration of Telangana region. Bathukamma is celebrated for nine days alongside Navratri. The festival starts on the Mahalaya Amavasya and celebrated for 9-days and culminates on Durgashtami as a grand celebration called "Saddula Bathukamma" or "Pedda Bathukamma". Women and girl children play an important role in this festival, men and children also participate with lot of enthusiasm.

Bathukamma 2023

Sat , 14th Oct 2023

Significance

Bathukamma festival represents cultural spirit of rural Telangana. Flowers of this season is stacked in a unique way in the shape of a temple gopura. The word Bathukamma translates to ‘come back to life, mother’; historically, bathukamma meant "festival of life". this festival is celebrated to pay gratitude to Goddess Parvati for bountiful crop harvest and to pray for more harvest the next year as well. Bathukamma is a folklore festival with many myths associated with its festivity. According to a popular version of folklore, this festival is celebrated requesting Goddess Sati to return to life. Legend also has it that Sati, daughther of Dhakshan returned as Goddess Parvati and this festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati. 

Another legend goes like this, Goddess Gauri or Maha Shakthi after a fierce battle, killing the demon ‘Mahishasura’ went on a resting phase to recover from the aftermath of the great battle. She went into this peace state on the ‘Aswayuja Padyami’ day. festivals are celebrated all these nine days to keep her rested and calm, and she is woken up on the Dasami day.

Rituals

Bathukamma is a festival for felicitating the feminine- Ida nature of the cosmos. Everyday women of the household wake up early, take a holy bath. Clean the house all the nine days, perform Gauri pooja in the evening. For nine days of the festival a Nivedyam made from the local grains and vegetables are made and offered to the Goddess. Common ingredients of the dishes are grams and grains like Corn (మొక్క జొన్నలు), Sorghum (జొన్నలు), Bajra (సజ్జలు), Black Gram (మినుములు), Bengal Gram (శనగలు), Green Gram (పెసర్లు), Ground Nuts (పల్లి), Sesame (నువ్వులు), Wheat (గోధుమలు), Rice (బియ్యము). On the day of Bathukamma, a special delicacy called Maleeda – made from Roti and Jaggery is prepared and distributed at the end of the event.

Here is the list of festivities for each day of the nine-day period and the specific naivedyam offered. 

1. Engili pula Bathukamma- festival commences on this day of Mahalaya Amavasya, also known as Pethara Amavasya in Telangana. Naivedyam is Nuvvulu (Sesame seeds) with biyyampindi (rice flour) or nookalu (coarsely ground soaked rice flour).

2. Atkula Bathukamma: This is the second day of the festival and is called Atkula bathukamma. It falls on the Padyami (first day) of Ashwayuja masa. Naivedyam of this day is Sappidi pappu (Bland boiled lentils), bellam (jaggery), and atkulu (flattened parboiled rice)

3. Muddapappu Bathukamma: The third day of Bathukamma falls on Vidiya tithi of Ashwayuja masam. Special Naivedyam is muddapappu (softened boiled lentils), milk and bellam (jaggery)

4. Nanabiyyam Bathukamma: The fourth day falls on thidiya tithi of Aswayuja masam. Naivedyam is nananesina biyyam (wet rice), milk, and bellam (jaggery) 

5. Atla Bathukamma: Fifth day of bathukamma falls on the chathurdi of Aswayuja masam. Naivedyam- uppidi pindi atlu (pan cakes made from wheatlets)

6. Aligina Bathukamma: The sixth day falls on the panchami tithi of Aswayuja masam. There is no special neivedhyam offered on this day, though some people offer sweet pongal.

7. Vepakayala Bathukamma: The seventh day of bathukamma falls on the shashti tithi of Ashwayuja masam. Naivedyam is fried rice flour dumplings in the shape of the fruits of neem tree.

8. Vennamuddala Bathukamma: The eight day falls on sapthami tithi. Naivedyam is nuvvulu (sesame), Venna (Butter) or ghee (clarified butter), and bellam (jaggery)

9. Saddula Bathukamma: last day or ninth day of bathukamma that culminates on ashtami tithi of Ashwayuja masam. Special offering is Five types of rice dishes- perugannam saddi (curd rice), chinthapandu pulihora saddi (tamarind rice), nimmakaya saddi (lemon rice), kobbara saddi (coconut rice) and nuvvula saddi (sesame rice). 

Benefits

  • Bathukamma festival removes blocks and obstacles related to relationships, marital life and progeny.
  • Shakthi/ Parvathi blesses great life skills and prosperity on this day
  • Supreme Goddess Gauri also fulfils inner desires and promotes a sense of contentment. 

Bhadrapada Purnima festival dates between 2019 & 2029

Year

Date

2019

Saturday, 14th of September

2020

Wednesday, 2nd of September

2021

Monday, 20th of September

2022

Saturday, 10th of September

2023

Friday, 29th of September

2024

Wednesday, 18th of September

2025

Sunday, 7th of September

2026

Saturday, 26th of September

2027

Wednesday, 15th of September

2028

Sunday, 3rd of September

2029

Saturday, 22nd of September