Guru Dwadashi


Guru Dwadashi is observed on the Krishna Paksha Dwadashi tithi of Karthika masa. This celebration is dedicated to Shri Vallabha, an incarnation of Lord Dattatreya and it is believed that He left his mortal coil on this day for his next avatar of Dattatreya. The day is also referred as Vaghbaras or Govatsa Dwadashi. The important ritual of this day is offering puja to cow and calf as they symbolize sanctity and prosperity.

Guru Dwadashi 2023

Fri , 10th Nov 2023

Significance

The first incarnation of Lord Dattatreya is said to be Sreepada Shri Vallabha. Shri Vallabha was born in Pithapuram located in East Godavari district of Andhra pradesh. According to the legend, He travelled to Kuravapur (kurugadda) situated near Raichur of Karnataka, on the bank of river Krishna. He performed deep penance there and left his mortal coil on this day to progress towards next powerful avatar of Dattatreya. This day is also called " Ashweeja bahula dwadashi " and is a grand celebration in all the kshetras of Lord Dattatreya.

Rituals

Devotees gather in the Ashta Theertham of Dattatreya and organize a grand procession carrying images of Shri Vallabha and Lord Dattatreya. Devotees also start Gurucharitra Parayana on Sripada Vallabha Jayanthi and culminate on Guru Dwadashi day. On this day, devotees perform Guru puja and puja for cow and calf along with reciting sacred hymns from Avadhuta Gita, Jivanmuktha Gita, Datta Prabodh and Datta Mahatmya.

Mantra

Kashaya vastram kara danda dharinam
Kamandalam padma karena shankham
Chakram gadha booshita bhushanadhyam Sripada rajam sharanam prapadye

Meaning: I bow down to Sri Dattatreya who is wearing orange garment and holding a holy stick, a kettle of water, a lotus, a conch, in his hands a discus, a mace as adornments/ornaments, I surrender to you.

Rituals

People in large numbers offer prayers to Dattatreya and recite some sacred hymns from Avadhuta Gita, Jivanmuktha Gita, Datta Prabodh and Datta Mahatmya, which contain stories of his life and teachings. There are also many Dattatreya temples all over the country, especially in Maharashtra, which people visit and worship. They also sing Bhajans (hymns) in his praise.

Benefits

  • People who worship Shri Vallabha on this dwadashi tithi are blessed with eternal joy, health, and prosperity. 
  • It is believed that observing vrat and performing puja on this day fulfils all forms of materialistic wishes of the devotees. 

Guru Dwadashi festival dates between 2019 & 2029

Year

Date

2019

Friday, 25th of October

2020

Thursday, 12th of November

2021

Tuesday, 2nd of November

2022

Saturday, 22nd of October

2023

Friday, 10th of November

2024

Tuesday, 29th of October

2025

Saturday, 18th of October

2026

Friday, 6th of November

2027

Tuesday, 26th of October

2028

Sunday, 15th of October

2029

Saturday, 3rd of November