Karwa Chauth


Karwa Chauth is a festival celebrated during Krishna Paksha Chaturthi tithi in the month of Kartik or Ashwina masa according to Amanta calendar followed in Gujarat, Maharashtra. In the Gregorian calendar this celebration roughly falls between mid to late October. This is a major celebration in North India and is celebrated by married women to strengthen the pious bond husband and wife. for the well-being of their life partner. Karwa Chauth is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervour in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan in Northern India.

Karwa Chauth Date 2023

Wed , 1st Nov 2023

Significance

The mythological tale behind Karwa Chauth is the legend of Satyavan and Savitri. Savitri recovered her husband, Sathyavan from the clutches of God of death, Yama through her sincere prayers and determination. This festival is said to be in practice since ancient days. When men (husband) went on to fight wars in far off lands, women started this practice to pray for the safe return of their husband. This prayer ritual is also held to celebrate the end of the harvest season or prosperity. This festival is well known to strengthen familial ties and conjugal relationships. 

The word Karwa Chauth is translated to ‘Karwa,’ meaning an earthen pot with a spout and ‘Chauth’ meaning -fourth, Chaturthi tithi. This Karwa or the earthen pot is of great significance, the water from the pot is offered to the Moon as part of the pooja rituals. Women observe ‘Nirjala’ fast throughout the day and offer prayers to the Goddess Gauri, an incarnation of Parvati. Nirjala fast and Gauri pooja bestow blessings for a long and happy married life.

Rituals

Karwa Chauth rituals begin start early in the morning, married women wake up well before the sunrise, take ritual holy bath. A day before Karwa Chauth, the married woman’s maternal side sends Bayaa of consists of new clothes, coconut, sweets, fruits and sindoor (vermillion) for the daughter and gifts for the mother-in-law. Women eat a small meal called Sargi before sunrise on the day of Karwa Chauth. This mean includes fresh fruits, nuts and sweets.

As the day progresses, women of the house come together and make thalis -a large platter with fruits, coconut, dry fruits, a diya (new lamp of clay or metals like silver, brass or copper), a glass of kachi lassi -a sweet drink made of milk and water, and sweet mathri. This thali is covered by a white cloth and saved for the pooja during moonrise. Gauri Pooja begins and the idol of Gauri Mata is decorated with jewellery and flowers. Karwa Chauth vrat katha is narrated by a wise elderly woman of the family and the pooja aarti, neivedhya are offered. Then the thalis are rotated in a circle among the women. This is called thali batana. This Thali Batana ritual is performed seven times by singing the following song: 

“Veeron Kudiye Karwada, Sarv Suhagan Karwada,
Ae Katti Na Ateri Naa, Kumbh Chrakhra Feri Naa,
Gwand Pair Payeen Naa, Sui Ch Dhaga Payeen Naa
Ruthda manayeen Naa, Suthra Jagayeen Naa,
Bhain Pyari Veeran, Chann Chade Te Pani Peena
Ve Veero Kuriye Kawara, Ve Sarv Suhagan Karwara” 

After the Gauri pooja, women get blessings their mothers-in-law and other elderly women of the family. After the moonrise, women step out for Chandra Dharshan, they carry a Channi -sieve and a pooja thali of a diya, sweets and a glass of water. In some households, this Diya is made of wheat flour. They get to a place where the Moon is clearly visible like the terrace or yard. They look at the Moon through the sieve and offer water & kachi lassi to the Moon and recite the following prayer for their husband, “Sir Dhadi, Paer Kadi, Ark Dendi, Sarv Suhagan, Chaubare Khadi” 

Then the husband feeds the same kachi lassi and sweets to the wife. The wife takes blessings from her husband. Both of them as a couple take blessings from the elderly and then the fast is broken. Older couples and elderly women bless the younger couples with phrases such as ‘Akhand Saubhagyavati bhav’ or ‘sada suhagan raho,’ both of which mean ‘may you be a married woman all your life.’

Benefits

  • Karwa Chauth blesses lucky and good progeny for newly married couples.
  • Observing Nirjala fast on this day bestows abundance and prosperity
  • Gauri Pooja increases longevity of the life partner and promotes good health in family. 
  • Karwa Chauth rituals promote unison among couples and strengthen marital bond.
  • This fast and the pooja rituals bestow best blessings from the divine couple. It brings fortune and luck to their partners.

Karwa Chauth festival dates between 2019 & 2029

Year

Date

2019

Thursday, 17th of October

2020

Wednesday, 4th of November

2021

Sunday, 24th of October

2022

Thursday, 13th of October

2023

Wednesday, 1st of November

2024

Sunday, 20th of October

2025

Friday, 10th of October

2026

Thursday, 29th of October

2027

Monday, 18th of October

2028

Saturday, 7th of October

2029

Friday, 26th of October