Maharana Pratap Jayanti


Maharana Pratap Jayanti is a regional public holiday in the northern states of India- Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Rajasthan. This day commemorates the birth anniversary of the courageous and the most eminent ruler of Chittor, Maharana Pratap, a great warrior and the pride of Rajasthan. Maharana Pratap was the 13th king of Mewar who stood up against the Mughal Empire and put-up great fight against them. Maharana Pratap Jayanti marks the birth anniversary of this powerful ruler from the 16th century. According to the Gregorian calendar, Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540. The oldest available historical reference to Maharana Pratap’s birth date is from the Abul Fazal’s book ‘Akbar Nama’ as the Hijri Calendar.

Maharana Pratap Jayanti 2023

Mon , 22nd May 2023

Maharana Pratap is highly revered in many historical books and poems like Rawal Rana Baat, written by poet Charan around 1710.

History of Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th,1540 in Rajasthan. He was the heir to the Mewar kingdom. His father was Maharana Uday (Udai) Singh II and the predecessor of the Kingdom of Mewar, with its capital at Chittor/ Chittod. Rana Pratap was the eldest of 25 sons, was said to be born when his father took over the throne. When Maharana Uday Singh II died in the year 1572, after a massive power struggle with one of his siblings and impending Mughal war battle, Pratap Singh became the Maharana of Mewar.

Chetak - Loyal Horse of Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap is also known for his loyal horse, Chetak with whom he shared a special bond. During his battle of Haldighati, Maharana Pratap while riding on Chetak, was severely attacked by a Mughal army leader Man Singh I of Amber who was on an elephant during the attack. The tusks of the elephant pierced through Chetak’s rear limb. Despite this fatal injury, horse Chetak brought Maharana Pratap to a safer place, running far away from the enemies, saving his life.

Battle of Haldighati

Around 1567, Chittor was surrounded by the arduous forces of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Maharana Uday Singh relocated west to Gogunda than taking the battlefield with the Mughals. He never reclaimed Chittor. Once Maharana Pratap assumed the rein as 14th king of the Mewar dynasty, he fought bravely against many odds and never succumbed to the Mughals. Maharana Pratap went on to reclaim many of his territories from the Mughals unfortunately never could regain control of the capital, Chittor. Of all the battles he fought, the Battle of Haldighati against Akbar’s forces was the most difficult one. Maharana Pratap is regarded as one of the strongest warriors in Indian history till date. He was said to be 7 feet 5 inches tall who would wear a body armour weighing 72 kilograms and carry a massive spear of 81kgs.

In January 1597, Maharana Pratap was seriously injured from an accident during hunting. on January 29th, 1597, he passed away at the age 56. After Maharana Pratap, his eldest son, Maharana Amar Singh 1, the successor became the King of Mewar.

Maharana Pratap Jayanti festival dates between 2019 & 2029

Year

Date

2019

Thursday, 6th of June

2020

Monday, 25th of May

2021

Sunday, 13th of June

2022

Thursday, 2nd of June

2023

Monday, 22nd of May

2024

Sunday, 9th of June

2025

Thursday, 29th of May

2026

Wednesday, 17th of June

2027

Monday, 7th of June

2028

Saturday, 27th of May

2029

Friday, 15th of June

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